Last Updated on December 11, 2019 by Josh Desair
Edibles have been around for many years and can be made from many things. You may often have heard of these edibles referred to as “Pot brownies” or “CannaGummies”. The main and most important ingredient of edibles is Cannabis. Many baked good types of edibles are comprised of “Cannabutter” and are made with everyday baking ingredients. Whether or not you want your edibles to have a more psychoactive effect will depend on whether or not you want them to contain just cannabidiol (CBD), or both tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD.
THC is the component in cannabis that gets you high. CBD is the component in cannabis that does not get you high but still offers the medicinal properties that cannabis has. Edibles can be made to have either THC and/or CBD and depending on which one you prefer will influence how you create your cannabutter.
THC is also known as tetrahydrocannabinol and is one of the main components of Cannabis (or) Marijuana. This specific component combines with the cannabinoid 1 receptors in the brain. This is what causes the “high” effect and creates a feeling of euphoria. When eating an edible that has THC in it, you are likely to feel very relaxed, happy, and may experience psychoactive effects. However, some amateurs may feel paranoid, experience anxiety, and unsure of just how much of the edible to eat.
Please use edibles with care, as they do not affect your body and mind the same way as smoking thc. In fact, they can be more potent.
CBD is also known as “cannabinoid” and is the non-psychoactive compound in Cannabis. It is usually better tolerated because of the lack of side effects that THC might have. Many may choose to use CBD oil for children and medical issues like seizures, anxiety, mental disorders, and even inflammation. CBD is becoming available more and more as the laws change and can be found in many smoke/head shops. It is also great for people who worry about drug tests, as you are less likely to fail a drug test using CBD than you would using THC. Although there is still a chance that some drug test can test for these levels, CBD is becoming more acceptable to many over THC.
Making CBD infused butter is actually pretty simple but time consuming whether you already have the CBD oil or the flower. Unless of course, you have a Magical Butter MB2E botanical extractor machine or something similar.
These are great machines for making up your butter and extracting all in one. However, some cannot afford such an amazing machine and may have to do it the old fashioned way. With a saucepan, an oven, water, unsalted butter, and cheesecloth you can create a butter you can truly enjoy.
Many CBD oils are labeled, making dosing easier. Having an already made CBD oil available is great and convenient in that way. Especially because you already know how many milligrams of CBD oil you want to add to your edibles. However, if you are making these edibles from the plant itself, the most important thing you need to do is to make sure you decarboxylate your flower. Make sure you are using CBD specific flowers for your recipe, otherwise you may risk getting a THC edible instead.
This is the most important stage when making edibles with cannabis flowers. Decarboxylation is the process of heating up your flower just enough to activate the THC and CBD in it from its raw form. Although some people may not find this step as important, it is the best way to get the full effect of your flower.
Be sure to set your oven to 240°F per 14 grams of CBD flower. It only needs to cook for about 30 to 40 minutes depending on the moisture in your flower. Be sure to have it set no higher in order to ensure that the plant’s terpenes are intact. These terpenes are responsible for the smell, taste, and even the medicinal compounds of CBD. Stir occasionally to prevent burning and once it is a deeper green with some brown color, then it is done. Remember, if you are using a fresh flower you may need to cook longer, and if your plant is dryer, cook for less time.
Once you get your flower decarboxylated then you can get your butter set up! Start by adding equal amounts of water and unsalted butter to a saucepan and heat to a simmer. If you are using about 14 grams, 2 cups of water with 2 cups of unsalted butter, is a great way to start.
Once you have melted down your butter/water mix, add your CBD oil or flower and simmer on low heat for 3-4 hours. Make sure to stir your butter every 20-30 minutes to prevent burning. This will infuse your CBD oil/flower to the unsalted butter. Personally, I found that the longer you simmer your butter on low heat with the CBD or THC, the better the butter is infused.
After you simmered your butter infused with CBD flower, you will need to set up your cheesecloth securely over a bowl or cup. This step is only required if you used the flower itself, otherwise set your mixture to the side to cool. If you chose to use the flower, then filter your butter through the cheesecloth and set to the side to cool.
Many of the steps are the same for making Cannabutter with THC instead of CBD. When using bud to make edibles, break it up into fine pieces and spread evenly on a cookie sheet to be cooked in the oven at no more than 240°F. This, like the CBD, will decarb and activate the THC and create a product with real potency.
Some may choose to use half butter and half cannabutter when cooking if the flavor is too intense for the recipe being used.
Ok, so this is the fun part! What do you want to make with your cannabutter? Because there are a lot of recipes that require butter or oil, there are many things that can be made into an edible. Whether your craving brownies or even gummy bears, both are easy to make and fun to munch on! Now, as far as baked goods go, you can find many already made mixes out there that make great brownies, cakes, and candy. I personally enjoyed using the Ghirardelli salted caramel brownie mix because it was easy and I just replaced the vegetable oil it called for with melted cannabutter and they tasted great!
Of course, you can go for a more homemade edible like CannaGummies! You can buy customized silicone molds that make your gummy edibles one of a kind! However, edibles that don’t require oil or butter require a cannabis-infused tincture in order for it to be potent as well as the right consistency.
It sounds like something in the old science books I know, but it is actually pretty simple. It is in fact, one of the first ways plants were made into medicine. However, you will definitely need to save up some time for this method, as well as patience.
All you need is some high proof food-grade alcohol like Extractohol (organic USP certified 190 proof cane alcohol). Another great alcohol you can use is Everclear.
What You Will Need
There are all kinds of edibles you can make once you have making cannabutter and cannabis-infused tinctures down to a fine science. Be sure to always test out your edibles in small amounts. As many take some time to have any effect and you can always take more, but you can’t take less.
Dosing is always going to be a bit different depending on how long you made your tincture for as well as infused your butter. Not to mention, the potency of the bud itself is rather important when dosing your edibles. Be sure to use care when making and eating edibles and know that they are more potent than smoking. You can read more about edibles in the Wake & Bake cookbook as well as other great cannabis cookbooks like Bong Appétit: Mastering the Art of Cooking with Weed!